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News & Updates

Check out Sophia’s first international video publication with RARE Revolution magazine and their 60 seconds of RARE Campaign! 


Welcome back to #60SecondsOfRARE campaign. This time we say 'hello' to Sophia who lives with #MCOPS12Syndrome.

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Sophia Rose was born in 2007 to proud parents Rachel and Gary in Laguna Beach, CA, USA. We did not receive the diagnosis of her RARB mutation until she was 7 years old since whole exome sequencing was not available until 2013. Despite a completely normal pregnancy and delivery, Sophia would not open her right eye after birth and her left iris looked unusual. We were told that she would be blind and have a host of other issues until we starting working with a wonderful pediatric ophthalmologist named Dr Simpson.  She confirmed that her left eye was functional even though her right one wasn't.  ​ We also partnered with geneticist, Dr. Kimonis, from a few months after birth to help us get the exome sequenced in June 2015 and answer the questions as to why she had Cerebral palsy and such a unique eye structure. As we delved deeper into the genetic mutation and the amino acids that had been substituted in place of the normal DNA chain for the RARB gene, it became very clear as to why Sophia had experienced many of the physical and development challenges over the first 8 years of her life.   ​ Now that we had an actual diagnosis, we were able to backtrack and better define what supplements and medication could truly make a difference in her overall development. While Sophia’s motor challenges have not improved significantly, her cognition and speech capabilities have increased tenfold and continue to show improvement as she continues in her high school journey.  Her determination is best described by her nickname: “Sophia the Fierce!”  ​ It was a very long road to get to our diagnosis and we have been presented with additional challenges as we have travelled along this journey. However, we cannot imagine life without our beautiful, witty, smart and slightly sarcastic daughter. Our goal in creating A Cure for Sophia and Friends is to not only provide connections for those diagnosed with a mutation in the RARB gene, but also to support the researchers currently working on our natural history study to discover and potentially create a therapy to allow us to realize the true potential of our unique and ultra RARE children as well.

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Troy was born between 4-5 weeks early in March of 2021. Immediately after birth Troy was admitted to the NICU because he wasn’t breathing as expected. Troy spent 5 weeks in the NICU with general concerns over oxygen saturation and temperature regulation. While in the NICU, Troy underwent several tests, but all tests came back normal despite the fact he was unable to pass his car seat test after multiple attempts. Troy was finally sent home in April and we were instructed to use a car bed instead of a car seat. Knowing our son still had oxygen saturation issues after leaving the NICU was incredibly challenging for us. Despite all of the normal test results, we knew there was more to explore. Troy’s muscle tone alternated between high and low, he wasn’t meeting traditional motor milestones, and his right eye began to drift inward. We jumped into action and began to advocate for additional testing and evaluations. Troy began physical therapy through the Early Intervention program at 2 months old, occupational therapy at 6 months old, and feeding/speech therapy at 9 months old. Around the same time Troy started occupational therapy, he received a vision test. We then learned his right eye had a cataract, a -14.5 prescription, and was slightly microphthalmic.In early 2022 we received Troy’s genetic testing results back and learned he had a spontaneous mutation of his RARB gene. Hearing that our son would be up against a complex neurological disorder led to mixed feelings. We were relieved to have a diagnosis, but scared about the obstacles Troy would have to face in the coming years. That said, we figured what was to come couldn’t be more difficult than the past year, and dedicated ourselves to helping Troy get the support he needed. Paul, was able to find a new job working from home that allowed him to oversee many of Troy’s therapies and daily activities and his Mom continued to advocate for more services. Troy now has added developmental therapy to the mix and will be starting vision therapy as soon as a local therapist is available. After nearly a year of eye patching, Troy received strabismus surgery in hopes that he’ll be able to receive additional visual input from his right eye. We both work with Troy daily on his therapies, and the hard work is beginning to pay off!  Troy’s favorite things to do include: roughhousing with his dad, cuddling/singing with his mom, and playing with his two husky mix “woof woofs”, Mackenzie and Astro. He loves all things cars, stroller rides, and floating (with support!) in the bath. He seems to have a true love for the water, after spending a lot of time with some bath-based physical therapy tools as a baby, and we are hoping to nurture this love further at the local pool after Troy’s motor skills improve just a bit more. We are hopeful that with the right mix of familial and medical support Troy will learn to manage MCOPS12 and enjoy all that Chicago has to offer.  ​ What are our Dreams for Troy? Right now our primary hope is that Troy will be mobile without the use of a gait trainer, walker, or wheelchair. Troy can stand if he holds on to a surface, but he isn’t able to roll over or crawl and he tends to lock up his limbs when standing. Troy is so eager to explore, but his limited mobility prevents him from doing the things other toddlers love to do. So our hope is that in the future mobility will be less of a concern.


Maybe you know the story written by Emily Perl Kingsley describing how it is to raise a child with a disability. It illustrates some of our feelings when our world was falling apart after receiving Simons MCOPS 12 diagnosis. Our little one was a real fighter from the very beginning on: soon after birth he struggled with breathing problems and needed to stay in the intensive care unit for several weeks. During that time we also received the first crushing diagnosis that Simon has microphthalmia. However, the bad news continued when we were informed about the genetic test results in January 2018: a mutation in the RARB gene, a disease called MCOPS12. A disease so rare that no treatment and basically no information was available. A disease so rare that only two dozen of patients were diagnosed at that time. We knew so little but only that the prognosis would be bad. In those darkest days of our lives we could count on the support by family, good friends – and Simon, who motivated and inspired us with his everlasting cheerful character. Although Simon is basically blind and not able to sit, walk or talk our journey with Simon has changed us in so many ways. He is our greatest teacher in keeping good mood and his joy of living is simply contagious. It seems he is the happiest boy alive when playing with his disco lights, listening to music or swimming in the water no matter how cool it is. What are our Dreams for Simon? We want our little sunshine to live a happy and independent life. Therefore, we need to transform the impossible into the possible and find a therapy for him and all other MCOPS12 patients.



After she was born 5 weeks early with bilateral micropthalamia and corneal clouding genetic testing was run. She spent 7 weeks in the NICU due to glucose intolerance, oxygen desaturation and difficulty eating. At about 2 months old, we got the results from her genetic testing that she has an RARB mutation. All of her other organ testing has came back normal at this time. We are currently in PT and OT. Although her mobility milestones have been very slow, she has made great strides with her eating although we primarily use her G-tube! Navy just underwent her first corneal transplant! We live in a suburb outside of Detroit with her big sister Stella.


After a normal pregnancy, our sweet girl Stella arrived 2 months early and spent the next two months in the newborn intensive care unit.  One year later, after a myriad of health concerns, appointments and therapies, we received the diagnosis of the RARB mutation from a full exome sequence.  While it was helpful to understand the source of Stella’s issues, the rarity of the mutation and the spectrum of possibilities leaves us with a great deal of unknown. Stella cannot currently sit, walk, talk or eat, but she is making progress with her four-point stance and crawling. Stella’s eyes developed incompletely, so she has severe anterior chamber dysgenesis, but she has remarkably good vision given the condition.  She is incredibly good natured, curious, and determined – and she loves music and lights.  We were recently thrilled to realize Stella knows her colors, shapes and numbers 1-10; we are currently tackling the alphabet. As far as we are concerned, the sky is the limit for our girl, and she continues to write her own story. We are so grateful God gave us this beautiful girl. We look forward to connecting with other families who are sharing this experience and supporting the progress toward our ultimate goal of finding a treatment.



Sienna was born in October 2019 at 38 weeks via Caesarian. She was in and out of the special nursery because of her jaundice and she struggled to put on any weight (she would throw up after almost every feed), in the end we had to bottle feed her to keep track of her milk intake and burp her multiple times each feed. When it was time to introduce solids she struggled with swallowing so she stayed on puree for quite some time. She also became very constipated, and still has to have laxatives to help her bowel movements. At around 10 months old she was diagnosed as having a vitamin b12 and iron deficiency (at this point her low muscle tone and inability to hold herself up on her tummy was evident, along with very little use of or even self- awareness of her own feet/legs).She was given b12 injections and iron supplements and seemed to pick up a bit from there (may have been a coincidence). She was then diagnosed with Peters Anomaly, as she had cloudy patches in her eyes, although her vision is fine. Doctors then suspected her of having Cerebral Palsy and had a microarray and MRI done, however nothing was found. Following this, she was then placed under the global developmental delay category. At this time, she was behind in her speech, fine and gross motor skills, and dribbling a lot!!! Since then she has had Physio, Speech, and Occupational therapy. She now crawls, sits, and walks with the use of a gait walker (with afos), but can pull herself up and cruise along a couch. She feeds herself, talks a lot and is now at the right level of speech for her age. She has recently developed a stutter, however we are now working on this in speech. Additionally, she has muscle spasticity and tends to curl up her feet when she puts weight on them and turns them in. We have just completed her first 3 week intensive therapy at the NAPA Center (Neurological and Physical Abilitation Center)! Prior to her therapy here, she was only standing unsupported for approximately 1 minute with maybe 1 unassisted step (wearing afos). Now after this 3 week therapy she managed to take 50 unsupported steps (Walked with only afos helping her)! Finally, Sienna was diagnosed with MCOPS12 in early 2022. The geneticists had told us that the syndrome was very rare and there was very little they could tell us about it. So we started researching on the internet and found the Cure MCOPS12 website. That’s when we connected with Reinhard and Edith and received much more information about the syndrome. We have since started our own Facebook page “A cure for Sienna” and have begun fundraising to contribute to the research that Reinhard and Edith have started at their non-profit, Cure MCOPS12. Sienna is such a beautiful, happy and super determined girl, although she did tend to bite her 4 year old sister if she doesn’t get her way! She just loves life, is super determined and almost always smiling. She loves dancing, music, and playing with her sister and her friends. What are our Dreams for Sienna? Our dreams for Sienna are for her to grow old and be able to reach any goals she has in happiness!


Zayd was born in April 2018 without any complications. He seemed to be a content baby who hardly ever cried. When he was 3 months old, I took him to an ophthalmologist as he wasn’t making any eye contact. Zayd was diagnosed with high myopia and bilateral cataracts. In January 2019 he had bronchiolitis and an X-ray showed he had diaphragmatic hernia, which was operated upon. Zayd has an unsafe swallow for liquids and is fed through ng tube.  He was diagnosed with having Chiari 1 malformation but doctors still could not find out the reason for all his conditions. I finally got the much awaited diagnosis in June 2020 that Zayd had RARB mutation and there was no treatment or cure for it. The doctor said whether Zayd would ever sit or stand depends on how far physiotherapy can push him to reach his potential.  My little boy is under 4 different hospitals in the UK; they have started to feel like a 2nd home to us now.  Looking after a special needs child as a single parent is stressful as his siblings sometimes feel left out. However that one smile Zayd gives makes up for everything. He is the purest gift God could have given me. My son may never reach what other kids his age would, but I´ve accepted the fact that he came into my life to be loved only. And he surely knows how to get all the love and attention with his cheeky and quirky nature. I hope that one day there could be a therapy to help Zayd and other beautiful children suffering from MCOPS12.  What are my Dreams for Zayd? I hope that one day there could be a therapy to help Zayd and other beautiful children suffering from MCOPS12.



Rayne was our first child, born post-date via c-section and was almost immediately taken to the NICU because she was desaturating. In the NICU, doctors also saw that she was having trouble feeding and an NG tube was placed. During her initial exam, her 'cloudy corneas' were noted as was a left superior vena cava with her heart. After two weeks in the NICU, Rayne finally came home, but her troubles persisted. Rayne continued to desaturate and struggled to eat. At three months, Rayne underwent her first of two corneal transplants (we learned that the backs of her eyes didn't develop normally either), which was soon followed by gut malrotation surgery, a g-tube placement and finally her second corneal transplant. In Rayne's first months, we spent more time living out of various hospitals across several states than we did at home, mainly due to her gut not working/common illnesses that would quickly escalate and her extended recoveries from surgeries. We eventually learned that Rayne also suffers intermittent hypoglycemia (even while on a continuous feed).  As Rayne's constellation of symptoms grew over her first few months and then years, doctors became increasingly baffled. After a series of ear infections triggered a regression across all areas of her motor development, Rayne was tested--and then received a diagnosis-for Mitochondrial DNA depletion. Years later, when Rayne was five, we received confirmation via Exome Sequencing of her RARB mutation.  Developmentally, Rayne is globally delayed. She cannot sit unassisted, walk (bear weight through her legs), talk, eat or see (though, she may see some light with her left eye). Still, Rayne's strong personality shines through. She loves to listen to music and play with her musical toys. She also loves walks outside and snuggling. She has a deep belly laugh, an adorable dimple on her left cheek and a devilish sense-of-humor. She likes to give her therapists at school a hard time and has developed a special relationship with one of the nurses who has helped us care for Rayne since she was three. Hospital stays are still a part of Rayne's life, but are less frequent now than years ago. At her core, Rayne is a fighter with strong opinions and easy "thank-you's" (communicated in her own way). To all who have already met her, Rayne is especially memorable.  What are our dreams for Rayne? There are so many. But for purposes here, I think that our dream for our daughter is for as many people as possible to know Rayne and her story. Like many of us do for ourselves, our dream is for Rayne to leave her own mark, in her own way, on the world.


Piper is now 4 years old. She has bilateral Microopthalmia with cornea clouding, she is blind with color perception. She was born needing oxygen and a feeding tube. She has made significant strides over the years! She started at Maryland School for the Blind Early Learning in fall of 2022 and just completed her first year. She has recieved all therapies (speech, PT and OT) while at school. Piper is learning to communicate verbally and with sounds or ques, she is eating by mouth along with tube feeds, she is free of additional oxygen and making strides in both PT and OT, she can stand at a walker, bar or gait trainer and can sit and play unassisted. Piper loves horses, she loves to swim and splash, she enjoys all music and playing instruments (bongos, ukulele and guitar) and she loves swinging! And she loves her little sister (10months). We hope that Piper continues to grow, learn and progress! We hope that she continues to explore her surroundings and be curious. We also hope that she can one day verbally communicate her needs, gain more independence and mobility.



After a healthy pregnancy, Rhett was born via c-section at 39 weeks, weighing 7 lbs., 11 oz. Shortly after his birth, Rhett began having difficulty maintaining his O2 saturations and was sent down to the NICU to be cared for and monitored. The NICU team discovered that Rhett was born with an anorectal malformation and needed to be transported to a nearby children’s hospital. He required emergency intubation and remained on a ventilator for 7 days. He had to undergo his first surgery (out of 7 total) when he was just 3 days old, and he stayed in the NICU for 10 weeks, mostly due to respiratory issues. During his time in the NICU and throughout the first couple years of his life, Rhett was diagnosed with several respiratory and gastrointestinal conditions. After a few rounds of genetic testing, we finally received a diagnosis in April of 2021. Rhett required formula feeds through his g-tube until he was 3 years old, but now he eats a mostly puréed diet and can drink thickened liquids through a sippy cup. He still has a g-tube for fluids, but we are hopeful that he won’t have one forever. He is working on his chewing skills in speech therapy and is making great progress. His digestive issues have improved greatly over the past year, as well, which has allowed him to eat a more well-rounded diet and finally gain some weight. While he cannot sit, stand, or walk without support, he is determined and motivated to work hard in his weekly therapy sessions in an effort to reach his goals, no matter how challenging they may be. Rhett’s most recent sleep study showed a significant number of obstructions, so he will be starting CPAP therapy soon for his sleep apnea. Even though Rhett has several eye anomalies, we know that he can see. He can identify colors, objects, people, etc., but his field of vision is limited. He knows his ABCs, can count to 20, and does a fantastic job expressing his wants and needs verbally. He speaks slowly and must be given time to process questions, but he can speak in 5-7 word sentences and about 50-75% of his speech can be understood by strangers. Reading books, pretending to cook, watching his favorite shows, listening and dancing to music, playing on the playground, looking at lights, and going to the pool are some of Rhett’s favorite things to do. He has a tender heart, tenacious spirit, and a smile (with adorable dimples) that can light up the night sky. He is joy personified and a blessing to those who have the privilege of knowing and loving him. What are our Dreams for Rhett? We thank God every day for our precious Rhett and pray to find a cure that will help him live a long, healthy life without limitations. We want him to be able to achieve anything his heart desires!


My pregnancy was a normal one; it was my third pregnancy. We had regular check-ups every month, including chorionic villus sampling. The baby was growing strong, and the doctors assured us that everything was going well during the pregnancy. Mia was born in 2021 through an emergency C-section, weighing almost 4 kg. She spent her first weeks of life in an incubator, and we couldn’t bring her home for a few weeks. During those weeks, the doctors noticed Mia’s hypotonia, which ranged from mild to severe at times. She also had saturation problems and apnea episodes, and she couldn’t feed from a bottle due to weak suction. When we finally returned home, Mia was connected to a computer for saturation monitoring while she slept and needed oxygen. Those were very difficult months, as the doctors attributed Mia’s hypotonia to rare diseases despite our belief that it was a result of the traumatic birth. They conducted numerous tests, all of which came back normal. When she was born, they did the first exome sequencing, which was normal. Then, in 2022, we decided to repeat the test, and a few weeks ago, we received the second exome sequencing results with a diagnosis of a mutated Rarb gene. We were told that we are the only known case in Italy, with just over 50 cases worldwide. Our world came crashing down; we knew there was something, but we didn’t expect it to be an ultra-rare disease. After a few days of tears, we decided to search for as much information as possible on the internet and came across Cure MCOPS12. Mia receives physiotherapy and speech therapy and does not use any medication. She has two sisters, and it’s difficult for them to accept all of this, but they love Mia immensely and try to stimulate and encourage her at every moment. As a mother, seeing them together is beautiful; it’s sibling love. At the same time, I want to spare her two older sisters from the pain of knowing the world of rare diseases. As of today, Mia is almost two years old. She eats on her own, even in small pieces, and no longer needs oxygen and a computer because fortunately, her saturation improved in her first year of life. The major challenge remains at the motor level because Mia can roll but can’t crawl or walk on all fours. She can kneel in her crib, sit up for a long time while playing, coloring or watching TV, but she can’t sit up on her own – we have to place her in a seated position. Despite being born at 4 kg and eating regularly and often, Mia has gained very little weight; she now weighs just under 11 kg. Weight gain has always been a problem because even though she eats, it seems like she doesn’t absorb nutrients properly, and she’s still below the growth charts. Mia can say a few words (mom, dad, grandparents, thank you, her sisters’ names, and other common words), she recognizes colors, shapes, and animals and imitates their sounds. She seems to understand what’s being said to her and responds with yes or no when she wants or doesn’t want something. She’s a real handful! She wants to do many things, but her hypotonia holds her back, which frustrates her. We decided to enroll her in school because we noticed she tries to imitate her older sisters a lot. For example, when they dance, she starts dancing in her high chair, moving her arms and head and singing. Our hope is that other children will stimulate her in some way, and she’s happy to go there. As of today, Mia is a happy child who laughs and smiles a lot. She loves dolls, feeds them, and cuddles them, but what she loves most of all are puppies. She could spend hours playing with her grandparents’ and aunt/uncle’s puppies. What are our Dreams for Mia? Our hope is that one day Mia can walk, have as independent a life as possible, and we hope for a cure to enable her and other children in the group, and beyond, to be happy and self-reliant even as they grow up.

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